NearStar Fusion is developing a pulsed impact fusion approach using magnetized fuel targets building on Sandia National Laboratory (Z-Machine) method of imploding metallic fuel target liners.
A major advantage of NearStar's tritium-free approach is avoiding the complexities of supply chain, breeding and first wall materials issues associated with tritium fuel. The NearStar design will leverage deuterium/deuterium (DD) fuel which is universally abundant providing a pathway to energy equality.
The simplicity of NearStar's technology reduces risk, development time, and operating costs while improving reliability and lifespan. NearStar's design heavily leverages existing materials and technologies thereby avoiding major investments in materials science or complicated supply chains.
Plasma (superheated matter) is the critical ingredient of fusion energy. A burning fusion plasma is extremely difficult to produce, maintain and safely control. NearStar's approach completely removes the need to maintain and control plasma in a steady state avoiding Fusion Disruption Events. The NearStar architecture manages the First Wall Problem thus minimizing damage from neutron embrittlement to enable the use of conventional materials.
A NearStar Fusion power plant is well-suited to scale beyond the inherent limitations of traditional renewables (e.g., weather, storage, transmission), due to the high-energy density of the fuel making it compact, clean, and always-on.
Most power plants are designed, engineered and constructed piece by piece, which is time consuming and expensive. All major components in a NearStar power plant will be mass produced in factories and rapidly assembled on-site in a matter of months, not years, substantially reducing cost. Due to our inherently simple and robust design, a NearStar Fusion power plant could be developed in as little as 10 years. We attribute our speed to market and scalability to four important factors:
1. Mass Production
The inherent linear modularity of the plant design enables rapid development and parallel mass production of the fusion driver, reaction chamber, fuel target and balance of plant. The linear modularity of the plant also simplifies component access and ease of maintenance.
2. COTS (Commercial-Off-The-Shelf)
We plan to maximize the use of existing technologies and conventional materials, thus eliminating the need for costly and time-consuming advanced materials R&D. Existing technologies and materials will also support a simplified supply chain to reduce the threat of delays and cost-overruns.
3. Scalable to Market
NearStar Fusion is able to address the entire range of energy markets (e.g. 50MW to 1GW+). The scalability would enable heavy industry, server farms, municipalities and megacities to achieve self-sufficient power.
Commercial viability is a key factor for fusion energy to make the climate change impact we need to reach our 2050 Carbon Neutrality goals. The NearStar team understands power plants economics and has baked those requirements into the design since the beginning.
1. Deuterium/Deuterium (DD) Fuel
Deuterium is inexpensive and universally available in our oceans allowing for a simple supply chain to provide the world with fusion fuel. By avoiding tritium as a fuel source, the overhead and complexity required to operate the power plant is significantly reduced.
In April of 2023, the US Nuclear Regulatory Commision (NRC) ruled to regulate fusion energy under 10 CFR Part 30. In effect fusion power plants will be treated similar to nuclear medicine facilities in hospitals. The ruling will simplify the permitting process and reduce overhead in operating a commercial power plant.
3. Operations and Maintenance
The NearStar design provides easy access to power plant subsystems allowing for less downtime and maintenance costs. Recruiting a workforce for a NearStar power plants is practical across the country by upskilling the existing labor force.
We are currently seeking investment and are taking meetings with qualified investors and institutions. Please reach out to Amit Singh (amit at nearstarfusion.com / 443-707-2648) to set up a discussion.